As Transportation represents a massive share of the world's GHG, it has to be decarbonized to remain aligned with the Paris Agreement. While public transit and electric vehicles can reduce GHGs, they remain out of reach for most low-income households. However, Montréal's experience suggests bike lanes could be a solution. Despite challenging winters and terrain, our research reveals that bike lanes increase ridership nearly two-fold. Their relevance increases near subway stations as they foster bike-share arrivals by 20% – complementing the public transit system. Importantly, low incomes are particularly responsive to added bike lanes near their origin, increasing the intermodal ridership by another 15%. Additionally, our research shows that newly introduced protected lanes also increase travelled distance by 10 %. Given Montréal’s rough climate and topography, this research delivers an economic framework for other North American cities targeting transport emission curtailment, focusing on climate justice.
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